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What is Mudejar?

The conquest of the territory south of Zaragoza changed the status of the existing population,  mostly Muslim.

Those who decided to stay under the Christian government, came to be called Mudejar , being able to preserve their culture and religion.  

The art they practiced is also known by that name, resulting from the confluence between the Muslim and the Christian ; a functional art characterized by the use of local materials such as plaster, clay or wood used in construction and carpentry.

Undervalued until a few decades ago because of the "humility" of its materials, today it is considered an almost exclusively Hispanic art. And, due to its own characteristics, the Aragonese Mudejar was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (2001).  

It is not possible to determine with total certainty where it was born but it is considered that, among the Mudejar buildings cataloged, the first preserved examples are the apse of the church of San Juan and  the tower of the church of Santo Domingo de Silos, both in Daroca . Their particularity lies in the fact that they were started in the 12th century in stone, to be continued in the 13th century by Mudejar builders, who adapted to the initial Romanesque approach.  

The Region of Campo de Daroca is part of the "heart" of the Aragonese Mudejar, providing varied examples in terms of periods and typologies, given the mestizo character of this style that knew how to adapt to Romanesque, Gothic or Renaissance, but maintaining its uniqueness .  In this way we highlight:  

  • Of defensive function and of little decoration ,  the towers of the churches of Valdehorna or Murero and that of Villarreal de Huerva (13th century), the latter belonging to a larger defensive enclosure.  

  • With more ornamental richness of its highlighted brick panels are the towers of the church of Romans (15th century)

  • Inserted within a walled enclosure ; the tower of the church of Villar de los Navarros (15th century), with its original tower-box of stairs attached; and the fortress church of Herrera de los Navarros (14th-15th centuries).

  • Of curious octagonal plan, we must add the beautiful tower of the Mainar church (16th century), which, with its octagonal plan, would soon be imitated in other towns.  

As a curiosity , the church of Anento preserves a plaster pulpit (16th century) of the purest Mudejar tradition, unique in its simplicity.  

In addition to these buildings for religious use, a civil building known as the Casa de los Luna, from 1400, is preserved in Daroca, without forgetting the many decorative motifs that adorn some sections of its characteristic wall. 

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